Six stoneholes (A-F) were found in the northeast quadrant and three (I-K) were found in the western trench.(Stoneholes G and H are putative stone sockets lying between the excavated ones; their positions are extrapolated from the known stones).British partners are the University of Birmingham; the Division of Archaeological, Geographical and Environmental Sciences at the University of Bradford; and the Department of Earth Science at the University of St Andrews.European partners include teams from Austria, Germany, Norway and Sweden.The incredible find has been hailed by Professor Vince Gaffney, from the University’s IBM Visual and Spatial Technology Centre, as one of the most significant yet for those researching the UK’s most important prehistoric structure.
There are two wider gaps opposite each other - these were entrances to the monument and are aligned on the midwinter sunset and midsummer sunrise - like Stonehenge itself.Inside the ditch it is also possible to discern the slight shadows of 24 postholes encircling the the central area, 25 metres in diameter.Near the centre are more dark areas indicating pits, and a large shadow suggesting that a mound was constructed there, perhaps in a later phase of the monument's use.The analysis found 71 new axehead carvings, increasing the number known at Stonehenge to 115.The design of the axeheads belong to a specific period in the Early Bronze Age around 1750-1500BC.
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The project aims to map 14 square kilometres of the Stonehenge Landscape using the latest geophysical imaging techniques, to recreate visually the iconic prehistoric monument and its surroundings and transform how we understand this unique landscape and its monuments.“This finding is remarkable,” Professor Gaffney said.